Mapping of degraded areas, prioritization of interventions, and definition of restoration models in the District of Sussundenga (Manica Province), with focus on the Chimanimani National Reserve and its buffer zone

Dados Gerais

Sussundenga District (Manica Province) - Mozambique
Andrew Kingman; Milagre Nuvunga; André Gustavo Nave; Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues; Thaís Nícia Azevedo Vieira; Leandro Tavares Azevedo Vieira; Hercilia Benedito Chipanga; Alberto Marcelino Albazino Simone; Mariana Meireles Pardi

Nowadays, we face unprecedented opportunity to transform degraded and unproductive lands into functional landscapes and restored ecosystems that offer multiple benefits to society and future generations (Chazdon et al. 2017). There are more than two billion hectares worldwide that would benefit from some type of restoration intervention (Minnemeyer et al. 2011). To address this, the use of Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) is an innovative strategy which considers an integrated approach to enhance human well-being and regain ecological functionality across degraded landscapes (IUCN-WRI 2014). The term Forest Landscape Restoration embraces not only forest restoration per se, but also restoration of the ecosystem ecological functioning within a multifunctional landscape (IUCN-WRI 2014). The objective of FLR is to convert degraded and deforested lands into socio-ecological benefits and opportunities that can contribute to local and national economies, sequester significant amounts of carbon, strengthen food and clean water supplies and safeguard biodiversity (IUCN-WRI 2014). Thus, the FLR approach requires engagement, mobilization, and commitment of all sectors of society (Chazdon et al. 2017) and planning restoration must consider the present achievement of sustainability and resilience into the future (Suding et al. 2015).
FLR is a relevant process that can be performed within rural communities in Mozambique in order to promote restoration of degraded areas into ecological functioning landscapes together with the development of sustainable value chains, food security and improvement of rural populations living conditions. Thus, considering a forest-dependent rural population and massive timber exploitation that Mozambique is facing, a Forest Landscape Restoration is urgent and could be implemented following a strategic planning process that will promote integrated social and ecological gains, through an efficient spatial zoning.
It is on this basis that the Government of Mozambique, in coordination with MITADER and support of the World Bank that Eco-Micaia, Bioflora and The Laboratory of Ecology and Forest Restoration (LERF), will carry out the mapping of degraded areas, definition of restoration models and prioritization of interventions in the Sussundenga District (Manica Province), with a focus on the Chimanimani National Reserve and its buffer zone.
The partnership between Eco-MICAIA, Bioflora and LERF enabled the establishment of a technical team which accumulates great experience and the various competences required for the development of this project, such as environmental compliance projects, communities’ surveys, forest restoration, including activities aimed at achieving economic gains, natural and restored ecosystems monitoring. In addition, the deep knowledge and experience acquire over 10 years of work in the Chimanimani National Reserve and its buffer zone, and general engagement with planning and coordination processes in Sussundenga District, reaffirms this team’s ability to carry out the proposed activities and meet the objectives set out in the Terms of Reference.

Chazdon RL, Brancalion PHS, Lamb D, Laestadius L, Calmon M, Kumar C. 2017. A Policy-Driven Knowledge Agenda for Global Forest and Landscape Restoration. Conservation Letters. 10(1):125-132.
IUCN-WRI. 2014. A guide to the restoration opportunities assessment methodology (ROAM): assessing forest landscape restoration opportunities at the national or sub-national level.
Minnemeyer S, Laestadius L, Sizer N, Saint-Laurent C, Potapov P. 2011. A World of Opportunity for Forest Landscape Restoration.
Suding K, Higgs E, Palmer M, Callicott JB, Anderson CB, Baker M, Gutrich JJ, Hondula KL, LaFevor MC, Larson BMH, et al. 2015. Committing to ecological restoration. Science. 348(6235):638-640. 

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